Acupuncture is an ancient Chinese method of treating ailments. The word
acupuncture is made of two parts acus which
means a needle, and 'puncture'. This method provides relief from illness
by needle puncture of specific points on the body.
Reference to acupuncture as a modality of treatment can be found in
ancient Chinese literature when stone needles called Bien
were used for this purpose. With the advent of metal era needles of
copper and iron were used by practitioners of this form of medicines.
This form of alternative medicine is based on the concept of Qui or Chi
(pronounced chee). This is a vital energy force comparable
to prana in Indian philosophy. According to traditional
Chinese concept the structure of the universe is explained on the basis
of Yin and Yang. They represent two aspects of energy, imbalance of
which results in a disease condition. Yin stands for all
that is negative like peace endurance, weakness etc. And Yang
stands for all positive influences like strength, warmth, sun, heaven,
Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) states that the body is made up of
five hollow organs. These are represented on the body surface according
to their energy flow on Meridians. Specific points or
acupoints were charted out on these meridians. The stimulation of these
points by needles leads to a balance of energy forces and this is
responsible for cure of diseases caused by imbalance of body energy.
WHAT IS ACUPUNCTURE ?
This is an alternative system of medicine which treats ailments by
insertion of needles at acupoints. To be effective a specific sensation
called Quichi or Teichi should be elicited during needling. It is a
pleasant tingling sensation radiating along a specific direction.
Needling produces subjective sensations like pain, numbness, soreness,
heaviness and distension objective beneficial effects produced are:-
- Analgesia i.e. pain-relieving effects useful in variety of
- Sedation or calming effects useful in epilepsy, insomnia &
mental disease like mania & anxiety states.
- Homeostasis or maintaining the normal balance of the body.
- Immunity improvement better immunity & protection from
Scientific basis of its effectiveness is based on Gate control of
pain and production & release of pain relieving mediators called
Conditions responding best to acupuncture therapy are:
- Allergic rhinitis
- Lumbas and Cervical spondylitis
- Rheumatoid arthritis
- Buergess disease
It is also effective in management of
- Bronchial Asthma
- Skin conditions like Eczema
- Obesity, Diabetes & B.P.
- Obstentric problems like unstable lie, premature labor, lobar
- Post operative pain relief
- Ear conditions like Tinnitus & vertigo
- Sports medicine
Facilities for acupuncture therapy are available at all major
hospitals in the pain clinics run for management of chronic pain.
Specialized clinics are also run by trained acupuncturists who provide
treatment through this method.
- Electrical Acupuncture
This involves electrical stimulation of acupoints through AP
needles. Lesser sittings are required & pain relief is faster.
This involves use of soft laser to stimulate AP points. It avoids
use of needles and hence problems associated with use of unsterile
needles like spread of blood borne diseases like HIV &
Hepatitis. Another major drawback of Acupuncture is the fear of pain
& therefore Aculaser being a painless condition has a very high
patient acceptability today.