Considering the population explosion, increasing inflation and scarcity of
resources, the family trends have shifted to nuclear families with number of
children limited to one or two. Family planning refers to the natural and
artificial birth control methods that allow you to control the size of your
family and the gap between your children.
Advantages of Family Planning
Family planning helps you prevent
conception and reduce the risk of pregnancy. The biggest advantage of family
planning tools is that they save you from the hassles of pregnancy
termination and abortion. Adopting a family plan directly effects a woman's
health in a good way by preventing unwanted and unplanned pregnancies and
subsequent abortions. Restricting the family size allows more resources for
bringing up your children and sustaining a family in a balanced way.
Adopting family planning methods helps couples to let their children have a
more focused upbringing, better education and other amenities. Family
planning perspectives are being given serious thought worldwide, and so,
important birth control FAQ are being referred more often than ever for
effective family planning.
Safer sex refers to a sexual practice undertaken with
proper precautions to avoid the possible chances of unwanted pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections and diseases (STIs and STDs).
It is an act
where bodily fluids including vaginal secretion, blood, sperm or saliva are
not exchanged. Thus, safer sex includes protection against unwanted
pregnancies and sex diseases. Barriers like condoms and vaccinations against
STIs and BBVs (blood borne viruses) can safeguard the individuals from
hazardous diseases as well as allow them to enjoy the sexual pleasures. Sex
without penetration is also a form safer sex.
Male Contraception Methods
Contraceptives or protective measures
for safer sex should be taken by both the partners. There are certain
specific contraceptive methods meant separately for males and females.
Mentioned here are the contraception methods which can be opted by men :
- Avoiding the indulgence in any kind of sex act.
- Latex cover for penis.
- Sex play without vaginal intercourse.
- Surgically, blocking the tubes carrying sperm.
- Pulling the penis out of vagina just at the time of
- Prevents sperms from moving.
Female Contraception Methods
there are a number of different
options that can be opted for birth control and family planning by females.
The female contraception methods for avoiding unwanted pregnancies include:
Birth Control Implant (Implanon)
- A thin
matchstick like implant inserted in the arm to prevent the formation of
Birth Control Patch (Ortho Evra)
- A thin plastic path stuck on the
skin to keep the ovaries from releasing the eggs.
Birth Control Pills
- Pills taken on a daily basis to avoid
Birth Control Shot (Depo Provera)
- An injection that prevents
Birth Control Sponge (Today Sponge)
- A soft, round sponge inserted
deep in the vagina to avoid pregnancy.
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Birth Control Vaginal Ring (NuvaRing)
- A flexible ring inserted
into a woman's vagina so as to keep the ovaries from releasing eggs.
- When a female breastfeeds her baby, the body
automatically stops forming hormones necessary for getting pregnant.
Cervical Cap (FemCap)
- Cervical cap refers to a silicon cup, that
is inserted into the vagina to cover cervix. It blocks the opening to the
uterus and also stops the sperms from moving.
- Diaphragm is similar to cervical cap. It is a latex cup
inserted into the vagina to cover cervix so as to block uterus as well as
prevent sperms from moving.
- These are pouch like condoms with flexible ends
which cover the inside of vagina to prevent the sperm meet the egg. This
measure also safeguards a female from STDs and STIs.
- Sterilization can be done in a number of ways. It
basically involves blocking the fallopian tubes to prevent pregnancy
temporarily or permanently as per the choice.
- Intrauterine device or IUD is a 'T' shaped device inserted in
the uterus to prevent pregnancy.
Types of Family Planning
Family planning tools or types of family
planning are broadly categorized into two sections: Natural Family Planning
Methods and Artificial Family Planning Methods.
Natural Family Planning
Natural family planning is based on
avoiding sexual intercourse during the fertile period of women. This method
is based on physical signs of ovulation like basal body temperature and
certain changes in mucus consistency.
Artificial Family Planning
Artificial family planning signifies
various contraception methods that include hormonal methods like birth
control pills and Norplant implant, barrier methods like condoms which act
as foremost male contraception, cervical caps and diaphragms, and
sterilization or permanent contraception. Another popular hormonal birth
control method is the IUD (Intrauterine device). This is a small metal
device which is inserted inside the uterus of women of reproductive age. IUD
prevents unwanted pregnancy and is an effective birth control device.
Emergency Contraception : The Facts
Emergency contraception or
morning after pills are the kind of birth control pills that can prevent
pregnancy upto 120 hours of unprotected sex. Women often retort to this
contraception method in case the condom breaks or they are not taking any
other birth control measures. These pills help in preventing the body to
release eggs and sticking them to the uterus lining thus, avoiding
pregnancy. This type of contraception is effective in 85% cases subject to
the time of its intake. Morning after pills can indeed help in preventing
pregnancies after an unprotected sex, but these do not provide any
protection, whatsoever, against STIs and other sex diseases.
Birth control effectiveness is an issue that is fast gaining importance
nowadays. For those who are looking for more family planning information and
knowledge on birth control methods, welcome to this complete family planning
guide for all your queries, doubts and apprehensions about family planning.